• W. Austin Gardner

The Sacrifices and their relationship to Jesus Christ



Leviticus 1-7, 1:1-17, 6:8-13


  • Leviticus was written for the priests and Levites of Israel

  • The key verse is Leviticus 11:44 “ye shall be holy; for I am holy”

  • New Testament version of this verse is “Be ye holy; for I am holy” I Peter 1:14-15

  • The book of Leviticus is quoted or referred to over 100 times in the New Testament

  • The book of Leviticus presents us with a holy God, a holy priesthood, a holy people, a holy land, and a holy Saviour

  • 10 weeks after leaving Egypt the nation of Israel arrives at Mount Sinai Exodus 19:1

  • They soon begin the construction of the tabernacle which will take about 9 months Exodus 16-40

  • The entire book of Leviticus covers about one month

  • They were instructed to bring 6 basic offerings to the altar

  • 3 of these offerings were given together as a sign of their commitment to God

  • The burnt offering

  • The meal offering

  • The drink offering

  • The next offering symbolizes their fellowship with God

  • The peace offering

  • The next two offerings had to do with cleansing of sin and their walk with God

  • The sin offering

  • The trespass offering

  • Every sacrifice points to Jesus Christ and what He did for us on Calvary--symbols and teachings that should make you understand your Savior and His salvation

  1. The burnt offering is accepted for atonement 1:4, could be a bullock, a lamb or goat, or a bird

  2. This offering as all of them is unto and before the Lord 1:2, 3, 5, 9, 13-14, 17

  3. Because the offering represents or is a type of Jesus Christ there were strict requirements

  4. The sacrifice had to be male 1:3

  5. The animal had to be without blemish I Peter 1:19

  6. This sacrifice was to be complete and total

  7. Death

  8. It was completely burned up except for the hide that was given to the priest Leviticus 7:8

  9. The sinner places his hands on the animal as a symbol identifying himself with the sacrifice 1:4

  10. The sacrifice was accepted for him or in his place

  11. Jesus became sin for us II Corinthians 5:21

  12. Jesus suffered for us I Peter 4:1

  13. The sinner himself killed the sacrifice 1:5, 11

  14. The sacrifice is cut into pieces, cleaned, and placed on the altar

  15. Imagine how the offerer would feel as he knew that the lamb was taking what he deserved

  16. Imagine how your sin cost Jesus Christ the cross

  17. The priests brought the blood and sprinkled it on the side of the altar

  18. The burnt offering was a sweet savor unto the Lord 2:2--the offering pleased God

  19. Animal blood couldn’t change a person’s heart or take away sin Hebrews 10:1-4

  20. Yet God did forgive their sin based on these rituals 4:20, 26, 31, 35

  21. Their sins were forgiven based on the coming sacrifice of Jesus on the cross Hebrews 10:14

  22. This symbolizes our putting our all on the altar and holding back nothing 1:9--burn all

  23. Romans 12:1-2 challenges us to be living sacrifices

  24. With the burnt offering they also presented the meat or meal offering

  25. The offering was of fine flour 2:1

  26. The flour is a product of their hard work

  27. But hard work without the blood sacrifice of the burnt offering is never enough to satisfy God

  28. It does represent the Christian who has given his all on the altar in the burnt sacrifice now given all of his production and material goods in sacrifice

  29. It had oil poured on it 2:1-2, 4, 6

  30. Represents the Holy Spirit

  31. The Holy Spirit was on the Lord Jesus Christ with