• W. Austin Gardner

The Day of Atonement



Leviticus 16


  • Yom Kippur or the Day of Atonement took place on the 10th day of the 7th month

  • No matter what day of the week it fell on it was a Sabbath 16:31-help you understand the word Sabbath is not always Saturday or the seventh day

  • This is our mid-September to mid-October

  • The 1st of the 7th month they celebrated Rosh Hashanah or the beginning of their New Year

  • The New Year started but the only way to really start new was to get forgiveness

  • Just remember in the year there have been sins from individuals, some would not have obeyed in the sacrifices, even the sanctuary itself would have been defiled

  • After the Day of Atonement, they had the Feast of Booths or Tabernacles which was their most celebration

  • This ritual had to be repeated every year until the true High Priest, Jesus, came

  • Jesus came to put away sin by the sacrifice of Himself Hebrews 9:26

  1. Serious Business serving and worshipping God

  2. Serious respect nearly fear after the death of Aaron’s two sons 16:1

  3. Aaron had to realize that he was only allowed in the holy place at certain times or he would die 16:2

  4. He had to make all the preparations before he went into the holy place 16:3-5

  5. With a young bullock for a sin offering

  6. With a ram for a burnt offering

  7. He was to dress in certain clothes

  8. The holy linen coat

  9. Linen breeches

  10. Girded with a linen girdle

  11. Linen mitre

  12. He had to wash before he put on the clothes

  13. The day of Atonement wasn’t a matter of human choice, it was a matter of divine appointment

  14. The day of Atonement was a day of new beginnings

  15. Somethings to think about as we apply this to our lives

  16. Is it possible that we take worship too lightly?

  17. Do we prepare for our worship services-Spurgeon biography and how the people said that they heard the preacher well not that he preached well?

  18. Do we recognize that the worship is about Him?

  19. The purpose of the day of Atonement

  20. The word atonement is used 15 times in chapter 16

  21. The word atonement means to ransom, to remove by paying a price

  22. Blood was given to them to make an atonement for their souls 17:11

  23. The Biblical principle learned is that substitution satisfies God and that is what Jesus did when He became our substitute on the cross of Calvary Matthew 26:28, 20:28

  24. The big lesson for the Day of Atonement is that sin is not forgiven without the shedding of blood. Hebrews 9:22

  25. He took our place Isaiah 53:5-6, 10

  26. They were to afflict their souls 16:29-31

  27. The day of Atonement was a serious day

  28. No work was to be done maybe that reminds us that no work gets us into Heaven-it is the finished work of Jesus on the cross

  29. They were to afflict their souls which probably meant fasting, praying, examining themselves

  30. Cleanse and purify yourselves James 4:8-10

  31. Vance Havner said; “Repentance is almost a lost note in our preaching and experience and the lack of it is filling our churches with baptized sinners who have never felt the guilt of sin or the need of a Saviour...We are trying to get young people to say, Here am I before they have ever said Woe is me

  32. Godly sorrow versus worldly sorrow II Corinthians 7:10

  33. Take time to examine yourself and pray- ask God to cleanse us of sin Psalm 139:23-24

  34. The procedure

  35. The high priest had to prepare 16:3-5

  36. He enters dressed in his high priestly garment with the sacrifices

  37. Takes off his beautiful clothing to put on simple linen garments

  38. Before he puts the linen on he bathes

  39. He humbles himself removing the clothing that sets him apart

  40. He bathes himself recognizing his need for personal cleansing

  41. He offers a sacrifice for his sins first 16:6, 11-14

  42. First, he takes the censer full of burning coals and his hands full of incense so that the cloud covers the mercy seat or he dies 16:12-13

  43. He then sprinkles the blood of the bullock 16:14

  44. God’s goal is that He be glorified John 17:1, Ephesians 1:6, 12, 14

  45. The sacrifice is then made for the people

  46. The two goats are one offering 16:5

  47. One dies for their sins and the other carry their sins 16:21

  48. The one that lives is called the scapegoat and takes our sins away John 1:29, Psalm 103:12

  49. The high priest takes off the linen garments-serving clothes

  50. Then he bathes, puts on his priestly garments, offers the burnt offering, and makes an atonement

  51. They made an atonement for all their sins once a year 16:34

  52. Personal applications

  53. All of salvation is God’s plan

  54. I can not worship flippantly

  55. I should prepare to worship and be a spirit-filled listener

  56. I should take time to consider my spiritual life and to confess sin

  57. Never forget that our salvation is based on the substitutionary atonement-Jesus taking our place

  58. Imagine going in with sins that will be taken care of by the death of another

  59. See Jesus in the entire story

  60. Realize that all of this is a reality for you and it never needs to be done again Hebrews 9:23-26

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