• W. Austin Gardner

God’s Promises Worked as They Obeyed God

Exodus 21:1 Now these are the judgments which thou shalt set before them.

  • There are 42 commands found in this list. It is an outgrowth of what we call the 10 commandments

  • These 42 commandments are connected to the Hebrew alphabet and were to help them understand how the original 10 words or commandments were to play out in real life

  • Living these rules justly was the practical outworking of the righteousness of God

  1. The voluntary servant 21:2 If thou buy an Hebrew servant, six years he shall serve: and in the seventh he shall go out free for nothing. 3 If he came in by himself, he shall go out by himself: if he were married, then his wife shall go out with him. 4 If his master have given him a wife, and she have born him sons or daughters; the wife and her children shall be her master’s, and he shall go out by himself. 5 And if the servant shall plainly say, I love my master, my wife, and my children; I will not go out free: 6 Then his master shall bring him unto the judges; he shall also bring him to the door, or unto the door post; and his master shall bore his ear through with an aul; and he shall serve him for ever.

  2. God had freed the Hebrews and they were never to be life long slaves again

  3. This was often a way to overcome financial tragedy.

  4. You would serve a person who would pay off your debt and get you back on your feet

  5. You came in with nothing but would leave owing nothing

  6. If you had received much from your master you could choose to stay

  7. Jesus was a voluntary servant

  8. He left great riches and made Himself a servant forever

  9. He put on the robe to wash His disciples'


  1. He went to a cross to die for us

  2. We should voluntarily serve Him

  3. Give up what you want for yourself

  4. Lose your life

  5. Voluntarily serve others

  6. Prepare to die for the Lord Jesus, His kingdom, and His purposes

  7. The Hebrew daughter was not to be mistreated even when sold to another 21:7 And if a man sell his daughter to be a maidservant, she shall not go out as the menservants do. 8 If she please not her master, who hath betrothed her to himself, then shall he let her be redeemed: to sell her unto a strange nation he shall have no power, seeing he hath dealt deceitfully with her. 9 And if he have betrothed her unto his son, he shall deal with her after the manner of daughters. 10 If he take him another wife; her food, her raiment, and her duty of marriage, shall he not diminish. 11 And if he do not these three unto her, then shall she go out free without money.

  8. The daughter would not be freed in 6 years like the son

  9. If the man who had purchased her wasn't pleased she could be redeemed or bought back

  10. She could never be sold to others outside of Israel

  11. If she was purchased for a son she was to be treated like a daughter

  12. If her husband got another wife all of her needs were to be met

  13. If her needs weren’t met then she could be freed without paying anything

  14. Penal Code style laws

  15. Death Penalty Law in Israel

  16. God is the giver of life. He determines how long a person lives. In these laws, Israel is being taught to value human life

  17. From the beginning, God has said that if you shed a man’s blood then yours will be shed

  18. For hitting a man and killing him 21:12 He that smiteth a man, so that he die, shall be surely put to death.

  19. For planning a murder 21:14 But if a man come presumptuously upon his neighbour, to slay him with guile; thou shalt take him from mine altar, that he may die.

  20. For being a delinquent child. God wanted children to honor and respect their parents 21:15 And he that smiteth his father, or his mother, shall be surely put to death. 21:17 And he that curseth his father, or his mother, shall surely be put to death.

  21. For kidnapping. Not only could you not kill but you are not in control of the life of another. People can’t be stolen from their home against their will 21:16 And he that stealeth a man, and selleth him, or if he be found in his hand, he shall surely be put to death.

  22. For not controlling your animal that you know might be vicious 21:29 But if the ox were wont to push with his horn in time past, and it hath been testified to his owner, and he hath not kept him in, but that he hath killed a man or a woman; the ox shall be stoned, and his owner also shall be put to death.

  23. For killing a thief in daylight hours 22:3 If the sun be risen upon him, there shall be blood shed for him; for he should make full restitution; if he have nothing, then he shall be sold for his theft.

  24. Everyone around Israel would be involved in the worship of false gods. Israel was commanded to not do so

  25. For witchcraft and demons 22:18 Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live.

  26. For bestiality 22:19 Whosoever lieth with a beast shall surely be put to death.