• W. Austin Gardner

Baptist Distinctives 3 b




  • Here are somethings that are distinguishing characteristics of the people that call themselves Baptist

  • Bible is the only rule of faith and practice

  • Autonomy of the local church

  • Priesthood of the believer

  • Two Ordinances

  • Individual Soul Liberty

  • Saved, Baptized Church Membership

  • Two Offices

  • Separation of Church and StateHow do ordinances and sacraments differ?

  • We already looked at baptism

  • The second ordinance of the church is the Lord’s supper or communion

The Lord’s Supper

Luke 22:7 Then came the day of unleavened bread, when the passover must be killed. 8 And he sent Peter and John, saying, Go and prepare us the passover, that we may eat. 9 And they said unto him, Where wilt thou that we prepare? 10 And he said unto them, Behold, when ye are entered into the city, there shall a man meet you, bearing a pitcher of water; follow him into the house where he entereth in. 11 And ye shall say unto the goodman of the house, The Master saith unto thee, Where is the guestchamber, where I shall eat the passover with my disciples? 12 And he shall shew you a large upper room furnished: there make ready. 13 And they went, and found as he had said unto them: and they made ready the passover. 14 And when the hour was come, he sat down, and the twelve apostles with him. 15 And he said unto them, With desire I have desired to eat this passover with you before I suffer: 16 For I say unto you, I will not any more eat thereof, until it be fulfilled in the kingdom of God. 17 And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and said, Take this, and divide it among yourselves: 18 For I say unto you, I will not drink of the fruit of the vine, until the kingdom of God shall come. 19 And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, saying, This is my body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of me. 20 Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood, which is shed for you. 21 But, behold, the hand of him that betrayeth me is with me on the table. 22 And truly the Son of man goeth, as it was determined: but woe unto that man by whom he is betrayed! 23 And they began to inquire among themselves, which of them it was that should do this thing.

Paul makes it clear that we as a church are to have the Lord’s supper

I Corinthians 11:20 When ye come together therefore into one place, this is not to eat the Lord’s supper. 21 For in eating every one taketh before other his own supper: and one is hungry, and another is drunken. 22 What? have ye not houses to eat and to drink in? or despise ye the church of God, and shame them that have not? What shall I say to you? shall I praise you in this? I praise you not. 23 For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus the same night in which he was betrayed took bread: 24 And when he had given thanks, he brake it, and said, Take, eat: this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me. 25 After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me. 26 For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do shew the Lord’s death till he come. 27 Wherefore whosoever shall eat this bread, and drink this cup of the Lord, unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord. 28 But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup. 29 For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord’s body. 30 For this cause many are weak and sickly among you, and many sleep. 31 For if we would judge ourselves, we should not be judged. 32 But when we are judged, we are chastened of the Lord, that we should not be condemned with the world. 33 Wherefore, my brethren, when ye come together to eat, tarry one for another. 34 And if any man hunger, let him eat at home; that ye come not together unto condemnation. And the rest will I set in order when I come.

  1. We do not believe in transubstantiation The belief that the elements of communion actually turn into the body and blood of Jesus.

  2. We do not believe the Lord’s Supper is a sacrament. A sacrament confers grace, i.e., one is saved or in some way helped through participation in the rite. An ordinance does not convey grace. It is symbolic and memorial only.

  3. The Lord’s Supper is talked about in several passages of Scripture: Matthew 26:26-29, Mark 14:22-25, Luke 22:14-20, Acts 2:42,20:7, I Corinthians 10:16-21, 11:23-24.

  4. How often are we to take the Lord’s Supper I Corinthians 11:25 After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me.

  5. No clear direction here

  6. Could it be taken too often or too little

  7. What is being pictured in the Lord’s Supper

  8. What is meant by the terms closed, close, and open communion

  9. The Lord’s Supper is to be observed for the following reasons

  10. To remember Christ I Corinthians 11:24 And when he had given thanks, he brake it, and said, Take, eat: this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me. 25 After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me.

  11. The unleavened bread is symbol of Christ’s broken body.

  12. The unfermented juice is a symbol of Christ’s blood that was shed as a result of his body being crushed.