• W. Austin Gardner

As the Lord Commands



Leviticus 8


  • In the Old Testament, God’s people had priests but in the New Testament God’s people are priests I Peter 2:5, 9, Revelation 1:5-6

  • The failure of the nation of Israel was the failure of her spiritual leaders Lamentations 4:13

  • God’s leaders were doing their own thing and God’s people loved it that way Jeremiah 5:31

  • Moses was to do everything the way God wanted it done and God showed Moses the model or pattern while he was on the mount Exodus 25:40, 26:30, 27:8, Hebrews 8:5

  • We need to design church and worship around what He says and wants not around our own preferences and desires

  1. A very public ceremony when a man is set aside for the Lord’s ministry 8:1-4

  2. These men would be ministering unto the Lord Exodus 28:1, 3-4, 41

  3. They would be taken from among the regular people Exodus 28:1

  4. They were set aside to God but in the presence of God’s people 8:3

  5. It was to be obvious that this was God’s will 8:4

  6. The same thing happens in the New Testament--God’s people witness that it is the Holy Spirit Acts 13:1-3

  7. Timothy had a good testimony among the brethren Acts 16:2

  8. Hands were laid on Timothy by the presbytery (pastoral, elder council) I Timothy 4:14

  9. Apparently, the man was serving God here though he also served the people

  1. Washing comes before serving 8:6

  2. The priests were bathed just once when they began their service after this they only had to wash their hands and feet Exodus 30:17-21

  3. When we get saved we are washed but in the blood of Jesus Revelation 1:5-6, I Corinthians 6:9-11

  4. After salvation, we need only wash our feet or keep our sins confessed John 13:1-10

  5. Time in the Word of God brings washing or cleansing

  6. Cleansing our way Psalm 119:9

  7. We get clean through the Word John 15:3

  8. The washing of water of the Word Ephesians 5:25-27

  9. As we look at Jesus we will be changed II Corinthians 3:18

  1. The servant, Aaron--the high priest, must be clothed correctly 8:7-9, 13

  2. All priests wore special undergarments that were to cover their nakedness--like long shorts Exodus 28:42-43

  3. The high priest wore very special clothing

  4. He had the Urim and the Thummim on his breastplate--it seems that they were used to find God’s direction 8:8

  5. He had stones that represented every tribe on his breastplate Exodus 28:29

  6. He had the words Holiness to the Lord Exodus 28:36

  7. When we got saved we also had a change of clothing

  8. Our own righteousness was as filthy rags Isaiah 64:6

  9. We are now the righteousness of God in Him II Corinthians 5:21

  10. He clothes us with new clothes Zechariah 3:4

  11. Though the regular priests didn't wear the fancy clothing of the high priests they were still dressed as the Lord commanded Romans 13:14


  1. The anointing; God’s place and God’s man were anointed 8:10-12

  2. Anointed with a unique oil Exodus 30:22-33

  3. They were not make any oil like this for any other reason Exodus 30:32

  4. The oil was a symbol of the Holy Spirit

  5. This oil set them apart and limited their activities 10:7, 21:12


  1. Special sacrifices or offerings were made 8:14-29

  2. The sin offering cleanses their sin 8:14-17

  3. The burnt offering symbolizes their total dedication to the Lord 8:18-21

  4. The fellowship offering symbolizes their communion with the Lord and each other

  5. The ram of consecration is sacrificed 8:22-29

  6. Blood is put on the right ear, thumb, and big toe 8:24

  7. They are set apart to hear God's voice, do God’s work, and walk-in God’s ways